Pasta

Classic Macaroni and Cheese

 America’s Test Kitchen

Ingredients

For the Bread Crumb Topping:

  • 6 slices of white sandwich bread (good-quality, about 6 ounces), torn into rough pieces
  • 3 tablespoons unsalted butter (cold), cut into 6 pieces

For the Pasta and Cheese:

  • 1 pound elbow macaroni
  • 1 tablespoon table salt
  • 5 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 6 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons mustard powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper (optional)
  • 5 cups milk
  • 8 ounces monterey jack cheese shredded (2 cups)
  • 8 ounces sharp cheddar cheese shredded (2 cups)
  • 1 teaspoon table salt

Directions

FOR THE BREAD CRUMBS:

Pulse bread and butter in food processor until crumbs are no larger than 1/8 inch, ten to fifteen 1-second pulses. Set aside.

FOR THE PASTA AND CHEESE:

Adjust oven rack to lower-middle position and heat broiler. Bring 4 quarts water to boil in Dutch oven over high heat. Add macaroni and 1 tablespoon salt; cook until pasta is tender. Drain pasta and set aside in colander.

In now-empty Dutch oven, heat butter over medium-high heat until foaming. Add flour, mustard, and cayenne (if using) and whisk well to combine. Continue whisking until mixture becomes fragrant and deepens in color, about 1 minute. Gradually whisk in milk; bring mixture to boil, whisking constantly (mixture must reach full boil to fully thicken). Reduce heat to medium and simmer, whisking occasionally, until thickened to consistency of heavy cream, about 5 minutes. Off heat, whisk in cheeses and 1 teaspoon salt until cheeses are fully melted. Add pasta and cook over medium-low heat, stirring constantly, until mixture is steaming and heated through, about 6 minutes.

Transfer mixture to broiler-safe 9-by 13-inch baking dish and sprinkle evenly with bread crumbs. Broil until crumbs are deep golden brown, 3 to 5 minutes, rotating pan if necessary for even browning. Cool about 5 minutes, then se

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